The Basics: What You Need to Know About ESSA and Low-Performing Schools

  • Based on a system of meaningful differentiation states must establish a methodology for identifying low-performing schools (see School Accountability section).
  • Beginning in the 2017-18 school year, and at least once every three years thereafter, states are required to identify a statewide category of schools for comprehensive support and improvement (CSI) and targeted support and achievement (TSI).
  • Each state education agency (SEA) is required to notify each local education agency (LEA) of any schools identified for CSI or TSI.
  • LEAs are responsible for developing and implementing a plan for each CSI school identified.
  • Any school identified for CSI that fails to improve within a state-determined number of years (not to exceed four years) shall be faced with more rigorous state-determined action.
  • SEAs will monitor and periodically review progress made by LEAs toward improving CSI schools.
  • Schools identified for TSI will work in partnership with stakeholders to develop and implement a school-level plan.
  • Click here for a graphic organizer on identifying CSI and TSI schools.

Read the re:VISION

The Every Student Succeeds Act
and Low-Performing Schools


ESSA low performing schools REVISION screenshot




United States Department of Education

The Brookings Institution

Center for American Progress

Center on Reinventing Public Education

Chiefs for Change

Council of Chief State School Officers

Council of the Great City Schools

The Education Trust

Education Week

National Association of State Boards of Education

National Conference of State Legislators

Public Impact